Ground and Surface Water Potentials and Accessibility in Kano Municipal, Nigeria: Implication for Geological Constraints
Author's : Kankara, I. A.
Citation : Kankara, I. A.,"Ground and Surface Water Potentials and Accessibility in Kano Municipal, Nigeria: Implication for Geological Constraints". Annals of Geographical Studies 2019;2(1):1-7.
Kano State is located in the dry zone of northern Nigeria (buffer zone), and has for long been suffering from shortage of table water. Water shortage and pollution are universal problems but are acute in developing countries. The United Nation Water Decade (1980-1990) focused on developing countries and endeavored to encourage the increased investment by the governments and donor bodies on water projects. Fieldwork techniques, primary and secondary data were adapted to access and map out the ground and surface water potentials as well to determine the level of water accessibility in Kano municipal. The results demonstrated that the integration of collective duties in the assessment and management of water resources and development (of both ground and surface) exploration plans. Water in terms of availability, accessibility and quality was found to be inadequate in the study area. The research recommended that the provision of portable water should be provided, to ease that pressure and to create room for replenishment in next coming years. Mapping of the area was also recommended, to be fully integrated into ground and surface water studies for effective management and control.